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Investimento de telecom em P&D quadruplicou em quatro anos, para R$ 4,2 bi

O Ipea – Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada divulgou um estudo em que mede a inovação no Brasil e concluiu que houve crescimento apenas marginal no período recente – a análise foi de 2008 a 2014. No entanto, o desempenho só se manteve relativamente estável graças aos aportes do setor de telecomunicações, cujo montante quadruplicou em quatro anos, passando de R$ 1,1 bilhão para R$ 4,2 bilhões no período.

“Esse resultado foi tão importante na manutenção da estabilidade dos investimentos em P&D em relação ao PIB no país que, na sua ausência, o investimento em P&D teria sido apenas de 0,54% do PIB, o que representaria uma queda em relação aos 0,59% do PIB verificados em 2011”, diz o Ipea. Com telecom, o indicador apontou suave crescimento de 0,58% em 2008 para 0,61% do Produto Interno Bruto em 2014.

Mas a mesma nota técnica divulgada pelo Ipea avalia que “esse crescimento se deu na aquisição de P&D externo, ou seja, são as empresas do setor comprando pesquisa e conhecimento de outras empresas, universidades ou institutos de pesquisa. Quando se analisa os investimentos em atividades inovativas de modo geral, também houve um crescimento expressivo no setor de telecomunicações. No entanto, esse número do setor de telecomunicações merece uma análise mais aprofundada pois parece ser alto demais para os padrões históricos do setor.”

A análise aponta, ainda, que houve crescimento expressivo do apoio governamental para P&D. “No início da década, cerca de 19% das empresas inovadoras haviam declarado terem recebido algum tipo de apoio governamental para inovar. Esse número cresceu para mais de 34% em 2011 e para mais de 46% em 2014.”

Finalmente, o Ipea destaca a mudança na composição do investimento em P&D das empresas brasileiras. Esse movimento pode ser visto desde 2008 e mostra que as empresas estão reduzindo o volume do investimento em P&D realizado dentro da própria empresa e ampliado o percentual dedicado à aquisição de P&D de institutos de pesquisa ou de outras empresas. O investimento em P&D interno caiu de 0,5% para 0,45% do PIB.

Fonte: Convergência Digital

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